The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/230]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
208/The Mushroom Cultivator
STRAINS: Pollock Strain.
COMMON NAMES: The Tampa Psilocybe; Pollock's Psilocybe. Sclerotia are called The New
Age Philosopher's Stone or Cosmic Comote.
GREEK ROOT: Psilocybe comes from the Greek "psilos" or bald head. The species name
tampenensis denotes the city near which this mushroom was first collected.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Cap convex to subumbonate, soon broadly convex to plane. The
surface is smooth and the color is ochraceous brown to straw brown to grey brown. The gills are adnately attached, dark violet brown with whitish edges. The stem is 20-60 mm. long by 3-5 mm.
thick, fibrous and enlarged towards the base. The stem surface is smooth to powdered (pruinose)

and its color is yellowish brown to reddish brown overall, with whitish to bluish mycelium at or
around the base. Its spores are dark purplish brown in mass.
NATURAL HABITAT: Solitary to scattered in sandy soils and meadows in Florida (near the city of
Tampa). This species is known only from the type locality where one wild specimen was collected.

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Mycelial Types: Finely linear to cottony; tan to brownish in color, often multicolored with brownish
hues.

Spawn Media: Annual rye grass seed, wheat grass seed or rye grain.
Fruiting Substrate: Cased rye grass seed (and possibly rye grain); leached cow manure; some
potting soils; and enriched malt agar media. This species will probably fruit on cased pasteurized
wheat straw.

Method of Preparation: Rye grass seed combined with water in a 2:1 volumetric proportion,
preferably soaked overnight. Sterilize for 1 hour at 1 5 psi. Wheat straw is pasteurized in a hot water

bath at 160-170°F. for 20 minutes.

Spawn Run:
Relative Humidity: 90+ %.
Substrate temperature: 75-81 °F.

Duration: 10-14 days.
C02: 1 0,000 ppm or higher.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Type of Casing: Standard peat based casing whose preparation is described in Chapter VIII. Layer
to a depth of Y2 to inch.
1

Post

Casing/Pre-pinning:

Substrate temperature: 75-81 °F.
Relative humidity: 90+%.
C02: 1 0,000 ppm or above.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.

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