The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/209]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/ 187

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Cap 35-50 mm. broad at maturity. The cap is convex to campanulate, then broadly convex and finally expanding to nearly plane with a broad umbo. The color is cin-

namon brown to orangish cinnamon brown, fading to tan in drying with a dark brown encircling
zone along the cap margin. The gills are attached to the stem, broader at the center and with three
tiers of intermediate gills inserted. The gill color is brownish and spotted, with the edges remaining
whitish, becoming blackish overall from spore maturity. The stem is 50-60 mm. long by 4 mm.
thick at maturity and is brittle, hollow, fibrous, and enlarges towards the base. The color is reddish
toned beneath a fine sheath of minute whitish fibrils, darkening downwards or when touched. The
stem base often bruises bluish. On the cap, bluing is rarely seen.

NATURAL HABITAT: Scattered to numerous on stable leavings from horses; in horse dung; or
in well manured grounds. This species is widely distributed across the North American continent
and throughout temperate regions of the world.

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Mycelial Type: Cottony mycelia noted; whitish to off-white in color.
Spawn Medium: Rye grain.
Fruiting Substrate: Horse manure compost, pasteurized wheat straw.
Method of Preparation: Horse manure/straw compost or pasteurized wheat straw prepared according to methods outlined in Chapters V & VI respectively.

Spawn Run:
Relative Humidity: 90 + %.
Substrate Temperature: 80-86 °F.
Duration: 7-12 days.

C02: 10,000 ppm or higher.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Type of Casing: Casing optional. If used, make up a standard peat based casing whose preparation is described in Chapter VIII. Layer to a depth of ½ to inch.
1

Post Casing/Pre-pinning:
Relative Humidity: 90%.
Substrate Temperature: 80-86 °F.

C02: 10,000 ppm or above.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Light: Incubate in darkness.

Primordia Formation:
Relative Humidity: 95+ %.
Air Temperature: 7 5-80 °F.

C02: 5,000 ppm or below.

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