The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/206]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
184/The Mushroom Cultivator

STRAINS: Hawaiian.
Mexican.

COMMON NAME: Pan cyan.
GREEK ROOT: Panaeolus is Greek for "all variegated", in reference to the spotted appearance of
the gills. The species name cyanescens comes from "cyaneus" or blue for the color the flesh becomes upon bruising.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Cap 1 5-40 mm. broad. Hemispheric to campanulate to convex or
broadly convex at maturity. The margin is initially shortly translucent striate when wet, opaque when
dry. The cap is light brown at first, becoming pallid grey in drying, eventually pallid to white, often
covered with spores. The gills are adnexed in their attachment, close, thin, with two or three tiers of
intermediate gills and mottled grayish black at with spore maturity. The stem is 85-120 long x
1 5-30 mm. thick and equal to bulbous at the base, tubular, often grayish towards the apex, pale yellowish overall, and flesh colored to light brown towards the base. The flesh readily turns bluish
where bruised. A partial veil is absent. Its spores are dark violet-black.

NATURAL HABITAT: Scattered to numerous on dung, in well manured grounds, grassy areas,

meadows, or pastures. Known from Hawaii and Mexico. Two other Panaeoli, close to P.
cyanescens macroscopically and microscopically, grow in western Washington and in Florida.

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Mycelial Types: Linear to cottony mycelia; white to off-white, sometimes bruising bluish where injured.

Spawn Medium: Rye grain. See Chapter III.
Fruiting substrate: Pasteurized wheat straw; horse manure/straw compost.
Method of Preparation: Chopped wheat straw pasteurized in a hot water bath at 1 60 0 for 20-30
minutes, cooled and spawned or horse manure/straw compost prepared according methods outlined in Chapter V.

Spawn Run:
Relative Humidity: 90+%.
Substrate Temperature:

F.

Duration: 7-12 days.

C02: 10,000 ppm or higher.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Type of Casing: Standard peat based casing whose preparation is described in Chapter VIII. Layer
to a depth of ½-i inch.
Post Casing/Pre-pinning:
Relative Humidity: 90 + %.
Subsfrate Temperature: 79-84°F.

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