The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/189]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/ 175

Figure 153
jar.

Flammulina velutipes fruiting in plastic

of fruitbodies with a technique whereby fresh pieces of Flammulina velutipes are mixed directly into
liquid spawn and then introduced info the sawdust/bran medium. Not only was the fruiting process
accelerated, the spawning period was cut in half and yield was nearly quadrupled over a year's time.
Using this same technique wifh Pleurotus ostreatus, yields were increased over and above the norm
by a factor of three. Total production in either case, equalled as much as ¼ of the substrate on a dry
weight basis. An analogous technique was developed by Urayama (1 972) who discovered that cellfree extracts of fresh F. velutipes mushrooms introduced to cultures of distantly related species
caused fruitbody formation.

Genetic Characteristics: Basidia fetrapolar (4-spored), forming haploid spores; bifactorially heterothallic. Single spore isolates capable of producing sterile fruitbodies. Dikaryons are faster growing and characterized by clamp connections. Mycelium can produce oidia, self sectioning chains of
cells with similar functions as spores. See Chapter XV.

For further information consult:
H. Tonomura, 1974. "Flammulina velutipes" in The Biology and Cultivation of Edible
Mushrooms. Academic Press, New York.

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