The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
120/The Mushroom Cultivator

Figure 117 Pasteurized straw stuffed into plastic bags which are then perforated with
nail size holes.
and Psilocybe cubensis actually hold the straw together, at which time the bag can be completely
removed. Another alternative is to perforate or strip the bag from the top or side to allow easy cropping.

Wheat straw prepared and pasteurized in this manner can be used to grow P/euro tus ostreatus,
Stropliaria rugoso-annulata, Panaeolus cyanescens and Psilocybe cubensis. It is quite possible that
have
other species can utilize this substrate or a modification of it. Studies with Pleurotus ostreatus
demonstrated yield increases with the addition of 20% grass meal prior to substrate pasteurization.

Supplementation of the straw after a full spawn run is another method of boosting yields (See
adding
Chapter VII.) Bono (1978) obtained a yield increase of 85% with Pleurotus flabe//atus by

cottonseed meal to the fully colonized straw. The optimum rate of addition was 1 32 grams per kilostraw). Bono also found that
gram of dry straw (approximately 22 grams crude protein per kilogram

supplementation increased the protein content and intensified the flavor of the mushrooms.

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