The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
92/The Mushroom Cultivator

Figure 90

compost turning machine.

down the sides from the top to achieve adequate compression. The pile should be tight
and compact.

4

7

First turn: Add the gypsum. Water as needed. Keep the pile dimensions constant, varying the width as indicated by the amount of anaerobic material in the center. Maintain
pile compaction.
Second turn: Water as needed and redistribute outer and inner areas. Redistribution
should occur during each turn to keep the material in an even state of decomposition.

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Third turn: Mix well and add water as needed. Reduce width to 5 feet. Fill if ready.

13

Fill if ready, or continue composting, turning at two day intervals.

Composting Tools
Since commercial growers work with many tons of compost, a bucket loader is essential. They
also use a specially designed machine for turning the piles. This compost turner can travel through
a 200 foot pile in a little over one hour, mixing in supplements and adding water. Small scale cultivators can make compost without these machines. The following is a list of tools and facilities that
are basic to compost preparation.
1. A cement floor. Not absolutely necessary but highly desirable, a cement floor is easy to
work on, prevents migration of water to the earth and prevents soil and unwanted soil organisms from contaminating the pile. Water leaching from the pile, a good indicator of
compost moistures, is quite evident on a cement floor. If a cement floor is not available, a
sheet of heavy plastic can be used.
2. Bobcat or small tractor loader with
yard bucket with fork. If producing large
amounts of compost, one of these machines saves time and labor. Not only do they make

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