Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWING GOURMET AND MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS

VII

Table of Contents
1.Mushrooms,CivilizationandHistory

............. 1

5

......
The Mycorrhizal Gourmet Mushrooms: Matsutake, Boletus, Chanterelles &
Parasitic Mushrooms: Blights of the Forest
Saprophytic Mushrooms: The Decomposers
The Global Environmental Shift and The Loss of Species Diversity
Catastrophia: Nature as a Substrate Supplier
Mushrooms and Toxic Wastes
Mushroom Mycelium and Mycofiltration

3.SelectingaCandidateforCultivation.....

.

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5

Truffles

9
10
13

14
14
15
.

17
18

Woodland Mushrooms
Grassland Mushrooms
Dung Inhabiting Mushrooms
Compost' Litter/Disturbed Habitat Mushrooms

18

19
19

....

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

21
23
24

Some Wild Mushrooms Naturally Found in Beds of Wood Chips
Methods of Mushroom Cultivation
Spore Mass Inoculation
Transplantation: Mining Mycelium from Wild Patches
Inoculating Outdoor Substrates with Pure Cultured Spawn
When to Inoculate an Outdoor Mushroom Patch
Site Location of a Mushroom Patch
Stumps as Platforms for Growing Mushrooms
Log Culture

24
26
26
30
30
31

34

5. The Stainetsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

41

6.MaterialsforFormulatingaFruitingSubstrate

47

.

48
Raw Materials
48
Suitable Wood Types: Candidate Tree Species
List of Suitable Tree Species for the Cultivation of Gourmet & Medicinal Mushrooms... 50
53
Cereal Straws
54
Corncobs and Cornstalks
54
Coffe and Banana Plants

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