Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GLOSSARY

523

mycophagist: a person or animal that eats

to flourish. Steam or hot water is usually

fungi.
mycophile: a person who likes mushrooms.

used; biological and chemical pasteurization
are alternative methods.

mycophobe: a person who fears mushrooms.
mycorrhizal: a symbiotic state wherein mushroom mycelium forms on or in the roots of
trees and other plants.

mycosphere: the environment in which the

phenotype: the observable physical characteristics expressed from the genotype.

photosensitive: sensitive to light.
phototropic: growing towards light.
pileocystidia: sterile cells on the surface of the
cap.

mycelium operates.
mycotopia: a term coined by Paul Stamets to
describe an environment in which fungi are
actively used to enhance and/or preserve ecological equilibrium.

pileus: the mushroom cap.
pinhead: a dot-like form which develops into
a mushroom.The pinhead is the earliest, visible indication of mushroom formation.

N

pleurocystidium, pleurocystidia (p1.): the

natural culture: the cultivation of mushrooms
outdoors, benefitting from natural weather
conditions.
nucleus: a concentrated mass of differentiated

primordium, primordia: the mushroom at the
earliest stage of growth, synonymous with

protoplasm in cells containing chromosomes
and playing an integral role in the reproduction and continuation of genetic material.

0
oidia: conidia (spores) borne in chains.

P

sterile cells on the surface of mushroom gills,
distinguished from those sterile cells occurring on their outer edges.

"pinhead". See Pages 68, 114.

psilocybian:
psilocin.

containing psilocybin and/or

R
radicate: tapering downwards downwards.
Having a long root-like extension of the stem.

pan/panning: the die-back of mycelium caused
by a variety a reasons, primarily sudden drying after wetting.
parasite: an organism living on another living

rhizomorph: a thick string-like strand of myce-

species and deriving its sustenance to the

rhizomorph or the zone around the roots of
plants.

detriment of the host.

partial veil: the inner veil of tissue extending
from the cap margin to the stem and at first
covering the gills of mushrooms.
pasteurization: the rendering of a substrate to
a state where competitor organisms are at a

lium. A rhizomorph can consist of one
enlarged cell or many, usually braided.

the space encompassing the

S
saprophyte: an organism that lives on dead organic matter.

disadvantage, allowing mushroom mycelium

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