Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
ANALYSIS
Material
Rice bran

Rice grain, or rough rice
Rice polishings, or rice polish
Rubber seed oil meal
Rye grain
Rye feed
Rye flour

Rye flour middlings
Rye middlings

BASI

OF

Total dry Protein
matter
Per ci. Per ci.

90.9 12.5
88.8 7.9
89.8 12.8
91.1 28.8

Fat

Per ci.

13.5
1.8
13.2
9.2
1.7

90.4 16.1

3.3

90.2

16.6

Fiber

N-free

Total

Calcium

extract minerals

89.5 12.6
88.6 11.2
90.6 16.5

MATERIALS

C

1.3

3.5
3.4

Per ci.

Per ci.

12.0 39.4
9.0 64.9
2.8 51.4
10.0 37.6

2.4
4.6
0.6
4.2
5.2

Per ci.

Per ci.

509

PhosNitrophorus
qen
Per ci. Per ci.

Potas-

slum
Per ci.

13.5 0.08 1.36 2.00 1.08
5.2 0.08 0.32 1.26 0.34
9.6 0.04 1.10 2.04 1.17
5.5

4.61





70.9
62.7
74.6

1.9 0.10 0.33 2.02 0.47
3.7 0.08 0.69 2.58 0.83

63.1

3.3
3.8








2.67





2.61






6.08






61.2

0.9 0.02 0.28 1 ½79 0.46


2.64



0.44 2.66 0.63

Rye middlings and screenings
Safflower seed
Safflower seed oil meal, from hulled seed
Safflower-seed oil meal from unhulled seed
Sagrain sorghum grain

90.4 16.7

3.8
6.1 59.5
16.3 29.8 26.6 17.5
91.0 38.0 6.8 21.0 17.0
91.0 18.2 5.5 40.4 24.1
90.0 9.5 3.5 2.1 73.4

4.3
2.9
8.2
2.8

1.5 0.43 0.39

2.91
1.52




Screenings, grain, good grade
Screenings, grain, chaffy
Schrock sorghum grain
Sesame oil meal

90.0 15.8
91.5 14.3

5.5
8.4

2.53
2.29





Sesbania seed

93.1

89.1

Shallu grain
Shallu head chops
Shark meal
Shrimp meal
Skimmilk, centrifugal

89.8

Skimmilk, gravity
Skimmilk, dried
Sorghum seed, sweet

10.1

Soybean seed

Soybean flour, medium in fat
Soybean flour, solvent extracted
Soybean mill feed, chiefly hulls
Soybean oil meal, expeller or hydraulic
process, all analyses
Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
44-45% protein guarantee
Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
43% protein guarantee

Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
41% protein guarantee
Soybean oil meal, solvent process
Starfish meal
Sudan-grass seed
Sunflower seed

Sunflower seed, hulled
Sunflower-seed oil cake, from unhulled seed,
solvent process

10.2

93.7 42.8
90.8 31.7
13.4

90.5 12.7
91.2 74.5
89.7 46.7
9.5

5.2
9.2 54.3
4.4 18.3 46.1
3.4 70.8
3.0
9.4 6.2 22.8
4.3 13.5 38.0

3.7
3.5
2.7
2.8
0.1

3.6

0.8

0

94.2 34.7

1.2

0.2
2.0
5.0
2.4

3.3
90.0 37.9 18.0
92.9 47.9 6.7
9.5

91.5 48.5
90.8

11 .8

12.5 2.02
3.3








1.61


1.63

6.84 1.35
5.07 —


2.14 —
1.9

1.9 68.9

2.03 —

9.2 61.9 3.2
13.5 3.48 1.92 12.69 —
0
0.5

7.47 —
1.3 27.8 —
11.1
0.7 0.13 0.10 0.58 0.15
5.1
0

3.6

89.2

1.7





5.0
50.3
72.8
24.5
29.9

0.8 2.6 33.0
2.7 34.0 38.1

0.7 0.13 0.10 0.58 0.15
1.03 5.56 1.46
1 .6 0.02 0.28 1.52 0.37

7.8 1 .30

4.6 0.25 0.59 6.06

1.50

6.0





7.66



6.6
4.2






7.76



1.89





90.0 44.3

5.3

5.7 29.6

6.0 0.29 0.66 7.09

91.3 45.4

5.3

5.4 29.3

5.9 0.31 0.68 7.26 1.92

91.2 44.6

5.3

5.8 29.4

6.1

0.30 0.67 7.14

1.77



90.9 44.2 5.3 5.7 29.7 6.0 0.26 0.59 7.07 —
5.8 0.30 0.66 7.38 1.92
5.9 31.8
1.0
90.6 46.1

4.90
96.5 30.6 5.8 1.9 14.3 43.9 —

2.27
92.4 14.2 2.4 25.4 38.4 12.0 —
93.6 16.8 25.9 29.0 18.8 3.1 — 0.55 2.69 0.66

955 27.7 41.4
89.2 19.6

1.1

6.3

16.3

359 27.0

3.8 0.20 0.96 4.43 0.92
5.6





3.14



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