Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
508

ANALYSIS

OF

Material

BASIC
Total dry Protein
matter
Per ct. Per ci.

MA
Fat

Fiber

Per ci.

Per ci.

TERIALS
Total Calcium PhosN-free
phorus
extract minerals
Per ct. Per ci. Per ci. Per ci.

Oat mill feed, poor grade
Oat mill feed, with molasses
Oats, not including Pacific Coast states
Oats, Pacific Coast states

92.4 4.3
92.4 5.5
90.2 12.0
9.0
91.2

1.8 30.5 50.2
1.4 24.1 55.0
11.0 58.6
62.1
5.4

5.6
6.4
3.7



Oats, hull-less

90.0
91.3

4.2 2.6 65.7
4.7 15.4
5.5 15.2 50.9

2.1




Oats, lightweight
Oafs, wild

Olive pulp, dried, pits removed
Olive pulp, dried, with pits

15.4
12.3

89.0 12.7
95.1

92.0

14.0 27.4
5.9 15.6 36.5
7.7

1.5

8.0

3.5

90.0 17.7

8.3 22.8
6.7
1.4

Pea hulls of seeds, or bran
Pea seed, field
Pea seed, field, cull
Pea seed, garden
Peanut kernels, without hulls

91.5

0.4 48.5 34.3

Peanut oil feed
Peanut oil feed, unhulled, or whole pressed
peanuts

Peanut oil meal, old process, all analyses
Peanut oil meal, 0_p., 45% protein and over
Peanut oil meal, o.p., 43% protein grade

91.4 19.2
86.5
94.1

6.1
16.1

4.8

.9

90.7 23.4 1.2 6.1
89.7 24.8 2.5 7.1 52.0
89.2 25.3 1.7 5.7
94.6 30.4 47.7 2.5 11.7
94.5 37.8 9.6 14.3 26.2
93.1

35.0

93.0 43.5
93.4 45.2
92.8 43.1
93.8 41.8
91.6 51.5



5.3
3.5

3.3

Pineapple bran, or pulp, dried
Pineapple bran, or pulp, and molasses, dried

85.3
87.4

Poppy-seed oil meal
Potato meal, or dried potatoes
Potato pomace, dried
Pumpkin seed, not dried
Raisin pulp, dried

89.2 36.6
92.8 10.4

Raisins, cull
Rape seed
Rape-seed oil meal
Rice, brewers'
Rice, brown

84.8

7.9
0.3
89.1
6.6 0.5
55.0 17.6 20.6
89.4 9.6 7.8
0.9



6.6



2.9









1.23

0.69 3.07 0.42

0.98 —

2.58 —

2.83 —


0.77





3.97



6.04





5.60








7.23
6.90






6.69
8.24



2.61
3.81









0.33 3.98 0.53


2.30
2.69






3.2





0.62







5.86





2.8 0.20 0.10 0.64. —

3.0
6.9
1.1

9.1

2.46
1.97
2.03
2.24
0.94

6.3
3.3

0.6 78.8
1.1 74.5

0.6
2.0



8.2 0.56 0.47 6.14

90.5 20.4 43.6 6.6 15.7
89.5 33.5 8.1 10.8 30.2
7.5

1.44

5.2 0.16 0.54 6.96 1.15

11.6 20.7 12.4
2.0 75.8
10.3 69.0 2.7
1.9
4.1
10.8
5.3

4.4 73.1




2.9 0.08 0.40 4.04 0.90
2.3 0.06 0.44 4.86 —



Pigeon-grass seed
Pigweed seed

88.3
87.8



5.6
5.8
2.7

8.4 20.9 16.0
6.0 17.3 45.8
6.2 15.9 47.8
1.9 19.4 57.2
1.0 15.9 63.4

0.69
0.88

Per ci.

3.0 0.17 0.51 3.74 1.03

12.7 25.9
5.7 27.2
11.8
18.9 33.0
17.5

89.8 14.4

3.4







91.9 38.4
4.0
3.9



5.0
5.2

Perilla oil meal







5.0

Peanut screenings
Peanuts, with hulls

90.0 16.8



22.5 21.4
7.6 13.3 23.4
7.4 12.1
23.0
7.6

7.8
1.4
93.8 16.3 23.9
93.6 23.8 11.5
94.1 24.9 36.2

Peanut oil meal, o.p., 41% protein grade
Peanut oil meal, solvent process
Peanutskins

4.5
4.7
3.4
2.5

3.4
3.9

87.9





Potasstunt

4.0 0.09 0.34 1.92 0.43

67.3
49.7
43.8
56.3
43.7

Orange pulp, dried
Palm-kernel oil meal
Palm seed, Royal
Palmo middlings
Pea feed, or pea meal



Nitrogen
Per ci.

0.08 0.22 1.66 1.97
1.06
2.82
1.54



0.54
3.26
5.36



0.04 0.10 1.20
0.04 0.25 1.46
















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