Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
502

ANALYSIS

Total dry Protein
matter
ci.

Material
Soybean straw

Soybean and Sudan grass hay, chiefly Sudan
Spanish moss, dried
Sudan grass hay, all analyses

88.8
89.0
89.2
89.3

Per

4.0
7.4
5.0
8.8

Sudan grass hay, before bloom
Sudan grass hay, in bloom
Sudan grass hay, in seed
Sudan grass, young, dehydrated
Sudan grass straw

89.6 11.2
8.4
89.2
6.8
89.5

Sugar cane fodder, Japanese, dried
Sugar cane bagasse, dried
Sugar cane pulp, dried
Sweet potato vine, dried
Teosinte fodder, dried

1.3
89.0
1.1
95.5
1.7
93.8
90.7 12.6
89.4 9.1

Timothy hay, all analyses
Timothy hay, before bloom
Timothy, full bloom
Timothy hay, in bloom, nitrogen fertilized
Timothy hay, late seed

89.0
89.0
89.0
89.0
89.0

88.0 14.5
90.4

7.1

6.5

97
6.4
9.7
5.3

Fat

Fiber

N-free

Vetch hay, hairy
Vetch-and-oat hay, over half vetch
Vefch-an&wheaf hay, cut early
Wheat chaff
Wheat hay

90.4

Wheat straw

Wheat grass hay, crested, cut early
Wheat grass hay, slender
Winter fat, or white sage, dried (Eurotia lanafa)
Wire grass hay, southern (Arisfida, spp.)

6.1

Per ci.

1.1

41.1

37.5

5.1



2.2 31.1 43.4

4.9




2.4 26.6 47.7
1.6 27.9
1.5 26.1 41.3
1.5 30.7 41 .8

Nitrogen
Per ct

Potas-

slum
Per ci.

0.13 0.64 0.62

1.18


0.04 0.80 046

0.36 0.26 1.41 1.30
9.5 0.41 0.26 1.79 —
8.1

1.34



6.8 0.27 0.19 1.09
9.4 0.52 0.39 2.32

1.5 33.0 42.3
1.8 19.7 64.3
0.4 49.6 42.0
0.6 45.6 42.2

6.5





3.3 19.1

2.1

31.6

1.8 26.1



50.0







1.14

1.9 0.32 0.14 0.21 0.58
2.4
3.7





10.3






6.5





45.5 10.2

1.9 26.5 41.7
2.4 30.2 45.0
2.7 27.4 42.7
2.5 30.4 44.8

0.18
0.27
2.02





0.17 1.46 0.88
4.9 0.23 0.20 1.04 1.50
1.55

4.9 0.23 0.20 1.02
3.9 0.40 0.21 1.41
0.15 0.85
4.5
5.2
7.2







1.23

2.40


1 .50
1.41
1.41



5.3 0.51 0.20 1.25 1.48

0.24 2.62 2.20

1.18 0.32 2.13 2.22
8.5 1.13 0.32 3.09 1.96
8.2 0.76 0.27 1.90 1.51
7.2

2.46





7.6 0.21 0.14 0.70 0.50

6.4 0.14

0.98 1.47

8.3 0.21 0.07 0.62 0.79

1.3 34.1 41.0

7.2
6.9

5.5

90.0
92.6

6.4
6.6

2.2 38.6 38.3

92.6 12.9

Phos-

phorus
Per ct

1.6 29.9 444
2.5 20.4 41.2

90.0

3.9
9.2
8.0

Calcium

Per ci.

1.5 36.9 41.9
2.0 32.2 40.2
2.1 32.2 41.0
1.9 27.4 40.8
1.4 31.8 47.9

92.5
90.0
90.0

Total

extract minerals
Per ci. Per ci. Per ci.

2.3 31.0 45.9
7.7 2.3 28.3 45.5
89.0
88.7 15.0 4.6 25.4 36.5
2.4 29.5 43.8
88.8 7.8
92.8 16.4 3.1 27.5 38.4
89.0 13.3 1.1 25.2 32.2
88.0 19.3 2.6 24.5 33.1
87.6 11.9 2.7 27.3 37.5
90.0 15.4 2.2 28.8 36.4
90.0 4.4 1.5 29.4 47.1

Timothy hay, in bloom, dehydrated
Timothy hay, second cuffing
Timothy and clover hay, one-fourth clover
Velvet bean hay
Vetch hay, common

Wire grass hay, western (Arisfida, spp.)
Yucca, or beargrass, dried

MATERIALS

BASIC

OF

6.4





1.47



6.7 0.30 0.24 1.28 2.41




2.06



0.15 0.14 0.88







1.02
1.06




Phos-

Nitroyen
Per ct

Potas-

slum
Per ci.

0.51



0.43
1.82



5.31



CONCENTRATES
Total dry Protein

Material

matter

Acorns, whole (red oak)
Acorns, whole (white and post oaks)

50.0
50.0

Alfalfa-molasses feed
Alfalfa seed

Per

Per

3.2
2.7

Fat

Per ci.

10.7
3.0
1.2

86.0 11.4
88.3 33.2 10.6

Fiber

Per ci.

N-free

9.9 25.0
9.3 33.7
18.5 46.2
8.1

Total

Calcium

extract minerals
Per ci. Per ci. Per ci.

32.0

1.2
1 .3

8.7
4.4






phorus
Per ci.






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