Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
ANALYSIS
Material

OF

B

ASIC

Total dry Protein
Fat
mailer
Per ci. Per ci. Per ci.

Corn stayer (ears removed), very dry
Corn stover, high in water
Corn lops, dried

90.6
59.0
82.1

5.9
3.9
5.6

Cotton boils, dried
Cotton leaves, dried
Cotton stems, dried
Cottonseed hulls
Cottonseed hull bran

90.8

8.7

91.7 15.3
92.4
90.7
91.0

5.8
3.9
3.4

90.4 18.6

Fiber

Per ci.

MAT ERI AL
N-free
Total Calcium Phosextract minerals
phorus
Per ci. Per ci. Per ci. Per ci.

1.6 30.8 4.65
1.0 20.1

30.2

0.9 46.1 37.2

0.9 37.2 46.7
2.6 23.3 34.6
3.2 21.8 36.7
2.5 29.2 41.8
1.2 44.5 33.6
2.4 28.7 42.9

89.9
90.0
89.2
90.0
88.0

6.4

2.8 24.1 51.4

5.2

.97

2.0 32.8 36.4
1.9 30.3 43.2
2.0 31.0 42.8

9.1

Feterita stover
Flat pea hay

86.3

5.2

Flax plant by product
Flax straw
Fowl meadow grass hay

91.9
92.8
87.4

Furze, dried
Gama grass hay (Tripsacum dactyloides)
Grama grass hay (Boute/oua, spp.)
Grass hay, mixed, eastern states, good quality
Grass hay, mixed, second cutting

94.5 11.6
88.2
6.7
89.8
5.8
89.0 7.0

Grass straw

85.0 4.5
90.7 16.5
86.0 6.2
87.0 5.6

Guar hay (Cyamposis psoraloides)
Hegari fodder
Hegari stover
Hops, spent, dried
Horse bean hay
Horse bean straw
Hyacinth bean hay (Dilichos lablab)
Johnson grass hay
June grass hay, western (Koeleria cr/sf at a)

Kafir fodder, very dry
Kafirfodder, high in water
Kafir stover, very dry
Kafir stover, high in water
Koahaole forage, dried
Koch/a scoparia hay
Kudzu hay
Lespedeza hay, annual, all analyses

89.0 12.3

93.8 23.0
91.5 13.4
87.9 8.6
90.2 14.8
90.1
6.5
88.3
8.1

90.0
71.7
90.0
72.7

8.7
6.5
5.5
3.8

88.7 12.7
90.0 11.4
89.0 15.9
89.2 12.7

slum
Per ci.

2.6 0.14 0.07 0.62 0.87
2.8 —

0.54 —

Durra fodder
Emmer hay
Fescue hay, meadow
Fescue hay, native western (Festuca, spp.)
Feterita fodder, very dry

6.4
7.2
8.7

Potas-

1.5 27.4 42.0
2.4 30.8 42.0 6.9 0.61 0.09 1.39 3.18
6.8 10.3 43.5 15.8 4.58 0.18 2.45 1.36
0.9 44.0 37.5 4.2 —

0.93 —

89.9 18.1
90.0 10.1
91.5 6.8
90.5
8.0

92.3 22.7

Nitro.
gen

Per ci.

499

5.8 0.29 0.05 0.94 0.67
3.8 0.19 0.04 0.62 0.44
5.6


0.90 —

Cowpea hay, all analyses
Cowpea hay, in bloom to early pod
Cowpea hay, ripe
Cowpea straw
Crabgrass hay

7.0
8.5
8.0

s

2.1

18.7 51.5

1.7 29.2 41.9
3.2 27.7 32.0
2.1

44.4 33.1

3.2 42.5 32.9
2.3 29.7 39.5
2.0 38.5 35.5
1.8 30.4 43.1
1.6 28.9 45.6
2.5 30.9 43.1
3.3 24.8 41.7
2.0 35.0 37.8

11.3
10.1

6.4
5.4
8.5

1.37 0.29 2.98

1.51








2.90






1.62
1.09
1.28










1.02






1 .55



6.8 —
0.20 1.12 1.43
5.7


1.36

7.7 0.30 0.21 1.28 —

8.3


0.83 —
6.7

0.30 3.63 2.02
5.9


1.02 —
7.0 0.48 0.07 1.15 0.73
7.2


1.39 —
7.0


6.2


7.9 0.34 0.18
5.5 0.48 0.21
6.9 0.79 0.31

1.86
1.07




0.93 —
1.12 1.20
1.97 1.15

5.7


0.72
12.4 — 2.64

7.5 0.27 0.16 0.99
1.8 28.0 41.7 9.9 0.33 0.08 0.90
3.6 24.5 37.4 5.3 —

3.68



0.8 22.0 49.8 5.5
1.4 36.4 33.1 8.4
1.4 33.6 33.6 6.8
2.1 30.4 43.7
7.4
2.5 30.4 40.5 6.8
2.6 25.5 44.2 9.0
2.7 21.6 37.6 3.3
1.8 29.5 44.3 8.9
1.3 23.7 36.6 7.3
1.9 29.8 39.2 5.1
1.5 23.6 40.7 12.8
2.5 28.6 35.1 6.9
2.4 26.7 42.2 5.2





1.3 19.3 41.2
1.7 18.1 52.5






2.14



1.38







2.37
0.87 0.26 1.04 1.22




1.30



0.35
0.28
0.54
0.44

0.18
0.14
0.09
0.07

1.39
1.04

1.53
1.23

0.88





2.03









1.82



0.61

2.78 0.21 2.54 —
0.98 0.18 2.03 0.91

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