Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
382

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Logs of beech, birch, willow, maples and/or
oaks are given multiple cuts into which sawdust spawn or slices of fresh sclerotia are
packed. The logs are re-buried underneath a
layer of sandy soil and covered with rich humus and deciduous leaves. After three years,
the trenched logs are unburied and new sclerotia can be harvested. For sclerotia harvest, late
spring is best. Fruitbodies are generated from
the sclerotia in the late summer to early fall,
when the ground temperature hovers between
50-60° F. (10-15° C.). For more information,
consult Fungi Sinica, 1980. (See Figure 343.)

Recommended Courses for Expansion of
Mycelial Mass to Achieve Fruiting: Liquid
culture to grain to sawdust to supplemented
sawdust/chips. The cultivation of this mushFigure 342. A soft, delicate, fleshy Iruitbody arises
from a scierotium.

room initially parallels that of Maitake,
frondosa, another fleshy polypore, according

to Jong (1992). My own successes with this
mushroom have been limited. G. umbellata
the mycelial mat by-passing the
can be grown via two methods: from a sclerotium or directly from
by the absence of
sclerotial stage. Sclerotial production is stimulated by the microflora in soils, and
However,
there is an
light. Therefore formation of sclerotia under laboratory conditions is difficult.
alternative strategy.
abilities of other
Zhu Ling behaves as a secondary saprophyte, depending upon the degradative
experiments,
fruitings did not
fungi to render a wood substrate into usable platform for fruiting. In my
sawdustlchipsfbran). I
result when the same formula was prepared from fresh starting material (i.e.
recycled Shiitake and
have had limited success at fruiting this species on the remains of sterilized,

mushroom formation. This
Reishi blocks. Nevertheless 45-60 days of incubation preceded any
surfaces, which achieved
method has only resulted in short, lateral, hardened plateaus with pored

abbreviated fruitbody
only a few centimeters in height. The pores contained sporulating basidia. This
Scierotia
store nutrition
formation may be a function of an insufficiently developed scierotial stage.
yields
fruitings comprior to fruitbody initiation. More research is required before indoor cultivation
parable to other Polypores like Reishi or Maitake.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: MYPA, PDYA, OMYA or DFA.
with the final spawn
1st, 2nd & 3rd Generation Spawn Media: Two expansions of grain spawn
stage being sawdust.

Substrates for Fruiting: Outdoor plantings require the placement of either spawn or

scierotia into

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