Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
380

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Polyporus umbellatus Fries

inoculation onto malt extract agar
Figure 340. P. umbellatus mycelia 4 and 10 days alter

media.

edible. Of all the species represented in
and delicate. This mushroom forms an underthe Genus Polyporus, P. umbellatus is the most fragile
prominently in Chinese
ground tuber-like structure, a scierotium, which has figured
especially in the treatment of lung cancer.
Common Names: Zhu Ling (Chinese for "Hog Tuber")
Chorei-maitake (Japanese for "Wild Boar's

Introduction: This fleshy polypore has long been a favorite

Dung Maitake")
Tsuchi-maitake (Japanese for "Earth Maitake")
Umbrella Polypore
Chinese Sclerotium
Ryvarden (1987) follow tradition by
Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: Gilbertson and
i.e. Polyporus umbellatus Fr. This mushroom is
keeping this mushroom within the Genus Polyporus,
and more infrequently called
commonly referred to as Grifola umbellata (Persoon: Fries) Donk
Dendropolyporus umbellatus (Pers. :Fr.) Julich.
relative, but biologically the two
Macroscopically Grifolafrondosa, Maitake, appears to be a close
umbellatus and G. frondosa easily conhave uni4uely different life cycles. The close appearance of P.

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