Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
364

GROWTH PARAMETERS

to rorm a Reishi wall.
Figures 329 & 330. Cylndrical bags are stacked upon one another

of the growing room. With this method of cultivation,
emerge into the high humidity environment
mushrooms. Under low light conditions, stem
moisture is conserved and channeled to the developing
formation period. Cultivators of this method
elongation slows as the mycelium enters into the conk
evaporation, produces better flushes than
believe that the substantial substrate mass, protected from
With this second strategy, a condensing fog envifrom a substrate exposed to the open atmosphere.
exposed to the air. Furthermore, contamination
ronment is not as critical as when the substrate is fully
ingrowing G. lucidum in growing rooms feais less likely. Hence growers in Thailand are successful
environmental controls.
turing gravel floors and equipped with a minimum of
the archetypal form of Ganoderma
With either rapid cycle method, the cultivator can grow
and Thai peoples. From time of inoculucidum, one long favored by the Chinese, Japanese, Koreans
only antler-shaped fruitbodies form, yields are
lation to time of harvest is less than 3 months. If
form and mature. Should the cultivator's
approximately 1/4 of the yield seen if caps are encouraged to
stalk is not desired, then yet another approach
goals be solely that of yield and the development of the
is recommended.
(60-70% moisture) are filled into the
Five pounds of moistened hardwood sawdust/chips
folded over are loaded into the autoclave
autoclavable, spawn plastic bags. The bags with their tops
approximately 100-150 grams of rye grain spawn is inoculated into
and sterilized. After sterilization,
Colonization is characteristically rapid and
the bags subsequent to autoclaving. Each is heat sealed.
removed to the growing room whereupon the
complete in 10-20 days. After 30 days, the blocks are
arrowheads mounted on a board. The bags are
plastic is perforated. 11 use four bladed stainless steel

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