Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

353

tude sickness, sexual impotency, and even chronic fatigue syndrome, it is no wonder that this mushroom has been for centuries heralded as "The Mushroom of Immortality".
Two other Polypores enjoying reputations as medicinal fungi are Maitake,
and
Zhu Ling, Polyporus umbellatus. Maitake has recently been found to be effective, in vitro, against the
HIV virus by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institute of Health's anti-HIV drug screening program.* During a visit to the Institute of Materia Medica in Beijing, Polyporus umbellatus was
reported to Stamets & Weil(1983) as being exceptionally effective against lung cancer. Aqueous extracts (tea) were given to patients directly after radiation therapy, with promising results.
The Polypores covered in this book are Reishi (Ganoderina lucidum ), Maitake
(=Polyporusfrondosus) ), and Zhu Ling (Polyporus umbellatus = Grifola umbellata)). Many other
Polypores, such as Laetiporus suiphureus (= Polyporus suiphureus), can be grown on stumps. Future
editions of this book will expand on the number of Polypore species which I have successfully cultivated. A short list of these candidates includes, but is not limited to:
Albatrellus spp.
Daedalea quercina
Fomesfomentarius
Fomitopsis officinalis
Ganoderma applanatum (= Elfvingia applanata)
Ganoderma curtisii
Ganodenna oregonense
Ganoderina sinense
Ganoderina tsugae
Inonotus obliquus
Oligoporus spp.
Oxyporus nobilissimus and allies
Phellinus spp.
Piptoporus betulinus
Polyporus indigenus
Polyporus saporema
Trametes cinnabarinum (= ? Pycnoporus cinnabarinus)
Trametes (=Coriolus) versicolor & allies

Polypores are premier wood decomposers, and can produce annual or perennial fruitbodies. None
*

De-replication and second tier screening studies are on-going at the time of this writing, as well as trials withAIDSafflicted patients. The HTV virus apparently becomes encapsulated by a "carbohydrate condom" limiting reproduction. Hypothetically, I suspect two distinct modes of activity. First, the compounds in Maitake may stimulate the
immune system by providing essential precursor-nutrients. Secondly, these compounds may also be a direct toxin to
the virus. Until human studies can be funded, such hypotheses are purely speculative. However, if proven, this doubleprong approach, combined with the fact that Maitake is an excellent edible and choice gourmet mushroom, brings
Maitake to the forefront of the medicinal polypores. In my opinion, all polypores should be screened for their anticancer, anti-HIV and immuno-enhancing properties. There are probably more species with equal or greater potentials.

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