Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
352

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Researchers believe this mushroom was
FornitopsiS officinalis, a canker parasite of co-

nifer trees. This same Polypore species has
been retrieved from the graves of Pacific

Northwest Coast Indian shamans. Thirteen in-

dividual carvings of this wood conk were
collected in the late 1800's and mistakenly
thought to be wood carvings until Blanchette et
alia (1992) studied them. Used as a poultice to
relieve swellings, inflammationS, and sweating, this conk was called "the bread of ghosts",
and thought to impart supernatural powers. In

Haida mythology this or another Polypore
(such as Ganoderma applanaturn) is directly
connected the origin and protection of the female spirit.
Recently, in the winter of 1991, hikers in the
Italian Alps came across the well preserved remains of man who died more than 5300 years
ago. Dubbed the "Iceman" by the news media,

he was well equipped with a knapsack, flint
axe, and a string of dried Birch Polypores.
(Birch Polypores, Polyporus betulinus, are
now known as Piptoporus betulinus). These

Polypores like many others, can be used as tinder for starting fires, and medicinally, in the
treatment of wounds. Further, by boiling the

mushrooms, a rich tea with anti-fatiguing,
irnmunoenhancing, and soothing properties

Figure 314. "Drawing of an argillite plate, carved
by Charles Edenshaw in approximately 1890, depicting the Haida myth of the origin of women.
Fungus Man is paddling the canoe with Raven in
the bow in search of female genitalia. Of all the creatures that Raven placed in the stern of the canoe only
Fungus Man had the supernatural powers to breach

the spiritual barriers that protected the area where
women , s genital parts were located.... Redrawn
from a photograph, courtesy of the Field Museum


of Natural History, Chicago. (Blanchette et al.,!992,
p. 122.)

can be prepared. Of the essentials needed for
discovered the value of the noble Polypores.
travel into the wilderness, this intrepid adventurer had
Ironically, as a group, the Polypores remain largely unexplored.
told by travellers to Mexico, South
Throughout the past twenty years, I have been repeatedly
have for centuries paid homage to crosses in
America, and the Middle East of Christian churches who
be a species of wood conk. To this day,
whose centers were glass spheres housing what appeared to
These are but a few examples. One
the identity of this revered conk remains shrouded in mystery.
the attention of Western science,
naturally wonders how many species and uses have not yet come to
perhaps forever obscured by the passage of time.
Ling Chi, known to mycoloThe most well known of the Polypores is, without question, Reishi or
for this fungus, this mushroom is
gists as Ganoderma lucidum. So extensive are the medicinal claims
diabetes, arthritis, high altialso called the Panacea Polypore. Claimed to cure cancer, heart disease,

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