Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

327

The Caramel Capped Psilocybes
(Pacific Coast Teonanacatis: Mushrooms of the Gods)*
of the Genus Psilocybe
For millennia, Psilocybes have been used for spiritual and medicinal purposes. Curanderos—
Meso-American shamans—relied upon them to diagnose illness and to prognosticate the future.
Through the works of R. Gordon Wasson, Jonathan Ott, Andrew Weil, Terence McKenna and others, these mushrooms became well known to North Americans. In the mid 1970's, a group of dedicated mycophiles from the Pacific Northwest of North America pioneered the outdoor domestication of the temperate, wood-loving Psilocybe species. From these species, many imaginative cultivators learned techniques applicable to the cultivation of many other woodland gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. Since I have studied this group for many years and since this constellation of
species has become the template for natural culture in North America, it seems fitting that this
species complex be explored further.

P cyanescens complex iruiting on aider wood chips overlayed with a thin layer of straw.
* The Genus Psilocvbe as monographed by Guzman (1983) has species which contain indole alkaloids (psilocybin,

psilocin) that are known to be "psychoactive". Many species in the Genus Psilocybe do not possess these pharmacologically active compounds. However, in addition, a number of mushroom species unrelated to Psilocvbe also contain
encourage the violation of any ordinances
these indoles. This section is offered for its academic value and does
restricting the possession or propagation of any illegal substance. Readers should further note that some individuals
react negatively from the ingestion of psilocybian mushrooms. The author's research on this group was conducted
under the provisions of a Drug Enforcement Administration license.

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