Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

311

Growth Parameters
Spawn Run:
IncubationTemperatures: 70-80° F. (2 1-27° C.)
Relative Humidity: 98-100%
Duration: 7-14 days
CU2:> 10,000 ppm.
FreshAir Exchanges: 0-1 per hour
Light Requirements: n/a

Primordia Formation:
Initiation Temperature: 65-75° F. (18-24° C.)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 7-10 days
C02: <2000 ppm
FreshAir Exchanges: 4-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 750-1500 lux.

Fruitbody Development:
Temperature: 70-80° F. (2 1-27° C.)
Relative Humidity: 90-95%
Duration: 4-8 days.
CU2: < 1000 ppm

FreshAir Exchanges: 4-8 per hour
Light Requirements: 750-1500 lux.

Cropping Cycle:
3 crops two weeks apart.

Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Bags, bottles, columns and trays.
Yield Potentials: 75-100% biological efficiency, greatly affected by the size of the mushrooms at
harvest, and the number of flushes allowed.

Harvest Hints: Mushrooms should be harvested before heavy sporulation. Since this mushroom
strongly resembles Pleurotus ostreatus in terms of biology and appearance, the same guidelines for
picking should be followed.
Form of Product Sold to Market: Fresh, dried and powdered.
Nutritional Content: 25% crude protein; 59% carbohydrates; 12% fiber, 9% ash; and 1.1% fat.
Medicinal Properties: Not known to this author. Probably similar to P. ostreatus.
Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: Versatile and flavorful, this mushroom can be incorporated into a
wide variety of recipes. I prefer to saute young mushrooms at high heat in a light oil and to add cash-

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