Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
298

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 270. Mycelium of P. djamor 14 days after inoculation

djamor Fr., the Friesian concept has been
Originally published by Fries in 1838 as Lentinus
Corner (1981)

survived the passage of time.
amended to include many varieties. No type collection
He reports that the spores of this variproposed the pink gilled forms be called P. djamorvar. roseus.
calls "P. djamour" (sic) synonymous to P flabellatus
ety are cream color. Guzman et al. (1993),
However, my studies reveal that the color
describing the spores as white to grey to light honey yellow.
Pink mushrooms give pink spores. White
of the fruitbody directly influences the color of the spores.
that produced the pink mushrooms, gives an off-white to
to beige mushrooms, from the same dikaryon
with maturity, the spore color also changes. Redhead

light gray-beige spores. As the pink mushrooms fade
and not in the outer spore coat.
(1993) suspects this pigment is present in the cytoplasm
of the flesh, best

with the cellular arrangement
One contradiction with this proposed synonymy is
(1986)
and
Pegler (1983) P flabeilatus has a monornitic
seen at the stem base. According to Singer
hyphae. Corner (1981) considers P.
hyphal system whereas P. salrnoneo-Stralflineus has dimiticdimitic hyphae, in apparent contradicdjamor and P flabellatus synonyms and states that both have specimens of P.djarnor appear to have
tion to Singer and Pegler. Guzman (1993) notes that youngostreato-roseuS Singer is included within
monomitic hyphae, with dimitic forms developing in age. P.
is the Himalayan Pleurotus eous (Berkeley)
the P djamor complex. Another pink Oyster mushroom
carefully checked for synonymy. They maybe
Saccardo. P eous 'relationship to P djamor should be
Zadrazil (1993)).
the same species. (See Corner (1981), Pegler (1972), and
The pink Oyster mushrooms repreThis large group of pink Oyster varieties needs further study.
convergent andlor divergent evolution. Until DNA
sent a large complex of varieties in a state of rapid

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