Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
292

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Pleurotus cystidiosus O.K. Miller
unique biology and are by far the most
appears to be a "contaminant" to most
interesting of all the Oyster mushrooms. The asexual stage
dimorphic—havillg a sexual and asexual life cycle. A
cultivators. In fact, species in this group are
commercially cultivated in Asia, particularly Taiwan
nearly identical species, Pleurotus abalonus, is
described by Dr. Orson K. Miller in 1969 from a maple
and Thailand. Pleurotus cystidiosus was first
in Indiana.
Common Names: The Abalone Mushroom
The Maple Oyster Mushroom
Miller's Oyster Mushroom
shares greatest similarity, from a
Taxonomic Synonyms and Considerations: Pleurotus cystidiosus
andP smithii Guzman, and may well be conspecultural viewpoint, P. abalonus Han, Chen & Cheng
that a combination of features can delimit P.
cific with these two taxa. Hilber (1989) believes
abalonus from P cystidiosus.
white pileocystidia and brown cheilocystidia
P. abalonus has a cap which is darker in color,
brownish pileocystidia and thin-walled
whereas P. cystidiosus has a cap lighter in color, translucent
these taxa can be further delineated by spore size.
hyaline cheilocystidia. Furthermore, Hilber states
of synonymy beinterfertility and DNA studies should clarify the question
tween P cystidiosus, P abalonus & P smithii.

Introduction: This mushroom and its close allies have a

growing on malt extract agar media.
Figure 265. Two strains of P. cysiidio.sus

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