Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
282

GROWTH PARAMETERS

mushfor sale while in the United States only canned
In Japan one can often find fresh Nameko
feature
this
fall, select Japanese restaurants in the United States
been
available.
Every
coriander
rooms have
which is clear, subtilely seasoned with tiny bits of
mushroom in a traditional autumn soup
leaf and other herbs.

For
moisture and carbon dioxide levels than most.
Comments: This mushroom is more sensitive to
casing
layer
as
it
prois called for. I prefer not to use a
indoor cultivation, a precise initiation strategy
mushrooms tedious, and is unnecessary with good
makes
the
cleaning
of
motes contamination,
environmental controls in the growing room.
of supplemented sawdust must be exposed to a
Should a casing layer not be applied, the block formation period. If the aerial mycelium sud"condensing-fog" environment during the primordia
In this
primordia will be prevented and no crops will form.
dies
back,
surface
denly dehydrates, and
layer,
the surface of the block and/or apply a moist casing
event, the cultivator must either roughen
two second-choice alternatives.
lowered to the 50-60° F. (10-15° C.) range, carTo initiate mushroom formation, temperatures are is increased to 98-100 % rH, light levels are
bon dioxide levels are lowered, relative humidity
Apis frequently misted with a fine spray of water.
increased to >500 lux, and the surface mycelium
the
the
exposed
surface
of
of slime form across
proximately a week after initiating, orange streaks
marmalade-looking
the formation of this
mycelium. It is essential that the cultivator encourages
glutinous
of primordia form and emerge within this overlaying,
goop. Soon thereafter, populations
pull.
This
glutiit can be stretched more than 6 inches with each
mass. So elastic is this material that
development.
Should
this
mushroom formation and
nous layer acts as a moisture bank promoting
risk of aborting.
layer collapse due to dehydration, the primordia are at
bag,
I recommend that most cultivators cut off the
Rather than removing the entire polypropylene
the exposed, upleaving 3-4 inch side walls of plastic surrounding
top portion of the incubation bag,
moisture,
mycelium. These plastic walls will help collect
the
per surface of the sensitive mushroom
the mushroom stems will elongate to exactly
enhancing primordia formation. If done properly,
height of these walls, facilitating harvest.
surface is roughened to
the second flush will be poor unless the
Using this casing-less
well. Once
extruding nails or a wire brush serves this purpose
mycelium.A
paddle
with
expose viable
atmosphere.
again raised to achieve the condensing-fog
the surface layer is torn apart, humidity is
slime layer,
regenerates
the
orange
becomes aerial, fuzzy,
Soon thereafter (4-7 days), the mycelium
recommend
turning
the block
achieve a third flush, I
giving rise to another break of mushrooms. To
similar strategy to that described above. Fourth
upside down, roughening its surface, and following a
"mushroom
However, I have put Nameko blocks into my
and fifth flushes are usually not substantial.
mushrooms.
Be
pleasantly surprised at getting more
graveyard", letting nature prevail, and have been
this slimy Pholiota!
forewarned. For a slug, there can be no better feast than
less work; less risk of green mold (Trichoderifla)
The advantages of not using a casing layer are:
of
free of debris. Because of the glutinous nature
contamination; and the harvested mushrooms are
harremove
from
the
adheres to, and is difficult to
the P. nameko fruitbodies, casing debris readily
vested mushrooms and your fingers.

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