Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
250

GROWTH PARAMETERS

mushroom can sometimes be
Natural Method of Cultivation: Inoculation of logs or stumps. This
used for inoculating

wood chips. Sawdust spawn is best
grown outdoors in deep beds (>6 inches) of
supplemented
sawdust blocks have finished fruiting indoors, I recomoutdoor beds. When sterilized
settings, to promote fall fruitings.
mend burying the blocks outdoors into sawdust, in shady
Expansion of Mycelial Mass to Achieve Fruiting: The path of myce-

Recommended Courses for
cultures into liquid fermentation, then into
hal expansion that I recommend is to go from agar

sawdust.
sterilized grain, then to sawdust and finally into supplemented
Suggested Agar Culture Media: MYPA, PDYA, DFA or OMYA
generations of spawn can be grain. The third
1st, 2nd and 3rd Generation Spawn Media: The first two
generation can be sawdust or grain.

cottonwood, willow, oak, al-

Substrates for Fruiting: Supplemented sawdust. Good wood types are
yet been established. From my
der, beech, or elm. The effectiveness of other woods has notunless inoculated up to 25% of its
experience, straw does not provide commercially viable crops
weight with sawdust spawn.

preferred so that stem
looking mushrooms.
elongation can be encouraged. Open bag culture results in squat
(wet weight) of supplemented hardYield Potentials: 1/2 lb. of fresh mushrooms per 5 lb. blocks
wood sawdUstlchips.
and deliciously edible. The firmness of
Harvest Hints: This mushroom is "waxy" when young, firm,
best picked when the caps are
the flesh is gradually lost as the mushrooms enlarge. Mushrooms are
still convex and the margin remains incurved.
Extracted fractions for cancer treatForm of Product Sold to Market: Fresh, dried & powdered.
ment may be available in the near future.

Recommended Containers: Bottles or narrowly opened bags are generally

Nutritional Content: Not known.

marmoreus) in Japan. Note marbled caps, sometimes
Figure 221 and 222. Bottle culture of H. tessulatus (as H.
referred to as "water spots" by mycologists.

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