Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
r

EVALUATING A MUSHROOM STRAIN
sustained. Without secondary exposure to light
post primordia form ation, Oyster mushrooms,
in particular, malform. Their stems elongate

and the caps remain undeveloped. This response is similar to that seen in high CO2
environments. In both cases, long stems are
produced. This response makes sense if one
considers that mushrooms must be elevated
above ground for the caps and subsequently
forming spores to be released. Oyster, Shiitake
and Reishi all demonstrate strong photosensitivity.

8. Requirement for cold shock The classic initiation strategy for most mushrooms calls

for drastically dropping the temperature for
several days. With many temperate mushroom
strains, the core temperature of the substrate
must be dropped below 60-65° F.
C.)

before mushroom primordia will set. Once
formed, temperatures can be elevated to the 70-

121

80° F. (2 1-27° C.) range. This requirement is

particularly critical for strains which have
evolved in temperate climates, where distinct
seasonal changes from summer to fall precedes
the wild mushroom season. Because of their
cold shock requirement, growing these strains
during the summer months or, for instance, in
southern California would not be advisable.
Strains isolated from subtropical or tropical climates generally do not require a cold shock .As
a rule, warm weather strains grow more quickly,

fruiting in half the time than do their coldweather cousins. Experienced cultivators
wisely cycle strains through their facility to best
match the prevailing seasons, thus minimizing
the expense of heating and cooling.

9. Requirement for high temperature
Many warm weather strains will not produce at
cooler temperatures. Unless air temperature is
elevated above the minimum threshold for trig-

e 98. Phototropic response of two strains of Ganoderma lucidum to light.

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