Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWING GOURMET AND MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS

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Foreword
Mushrooms—fleshy fungi—are the premier recyclers on the planet. Fungi are essential to recycling organic wastes and the efficient return of nutrients back into the ecosystem. Not only are they
recognized for their importance within the environment, but also for their effect on human evolution and health.Yet, to date, the inherent biological power embodied within the mycelial network of
mushrooms largely remains a vast, untapped resource. As we enter the 21St century, ecologists, foresters, bioremediators, pharmacologists, and mushroom growers are uniting at a new frontier of
knowledge, where enormous biodynamic forces are at play.
Only in the last half of this century have we learned enough about the cultivation of mushrooms
to tap into their inherent biological power. Working with mushroom mycelium en masse will empower every country, farm, recycling center and individual with direct economic, ecological and
medical benefits. As we approach a new century, this myco-technology is a perfect example of the
equation of good environmentalism, good health and good business.
This book strives to create new models for the future use of higher fungi in the environment. As
woodland habitats, especially old growth forests, are lost to development, mushroom diversity also
declines. Wilderness habitats still offer vast genetic resources for new strains. The temperate forests
of NorthAmerica, particularly the mycologically rich Pacific Northwest, may well be viewed in the
21st century as the Amazon Basin was viewed by pharmaceutical companies earlier in the 20th century. Hence, mushroom cultivators should preserve this gene pooi now for its incalculable future value.
The importance of many mushroom species may not be recognized for decades to come.
In many ways, this book is an off-spring of the marriage of many cultures—arising from the worldwide use of mushrooms as food, as religious sacraments in Mesoamerica, and as medicine in Asia.
We now benefit from the collective experience of lifetimes of mushroom cultivation. As cultivators
we must continue to share, explore and expand the horizons of the human/fungal relationship. Hu-

mans and mushrooms must bond in an evolutionary partnership. By empowering legions of
individuals with the skills of mushroom tissue culture, future generations will be able to better manage our resources and improve life on this planet.
Now that the medical community widely recognizes the health-stimulating properties of mushrooms,
a combined market for gourmet and medicinal foods is rapidly emerging. People with compromised
immune systems would be wise to create their own medicinal mushroom gardens.A community-based,
resource-driven industry, utilizing recyclable materials in a fashion that strengthens ecological equilibrium and human health will evolve. As recycling centers flourish, their by-products include streams
of organic waste which cultivators can divert into mushroom production.
I foresee a network of environmentally sensitive and imaginative individuals presiding over this
new industry, which.has previously been controlled by a few mega-businesses. The decentralization began with The Mushroom Cultivator in 1983. It now continues with Growing Gourmet &
Medicinal Mushrooms. Join me in the next phase of this continuing revolution.

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