Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

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Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
108

THE STOCK CULTURE LIBRARY

Figure 86. Classic forms 0 mushroom mycelia.

Iconic Types of
Mushroom Mycelium
Each mushroom species produces a recognizable type of mycelium whose variations fall
within a range of expressions.Within a species,
multitudes of strains can differ dramatically in
their appearance. In culture, mushroom strains
reveal much about the portion of the mushroom
life cycle which is invisible to the mere forager
for wild mushrooms. This range of character-

istics—changes in form and color, rate of

dimensional plane of a nutrient-filled petri dish.

As the mycelium undergoes changes in its
appearance overtime, this progression of transformations defines what is normal and what is
abnormal.The standard medialuse is MaltYeast

Agar (MYA) often fortified with peptone
(MYPA).
1. Linear: Linear mycelium is arranged as di-

verging, longitudinal strands. Typically, the
mycelium emanates from the center of the petri
dish as a homogeneously forming mat. Shiitake
(Lentinula edodes) and initially Oyster

growth, flagrance, even volunteer fruitings of
mushrooms in miniature—reveals a wealth of

(Pleurotus ostreatus) mycelia fall in this cat-

information to the cultivator, defining the

linear mycelium, which thickens in time. In

strain's "personality".
Form: Mycelia can be categorized into sevexplanation, these forms are delineated on the

fact, Morel mycelium is so fine that during the
first few days of growth, the mycelium is nearly
invisible, detected only by tilting the petri dish
back and forth so that the fine strands can be

basis of their macroscopic appearance on the two

seen on the reflective sheen of the agar

eral different, classic forms. For ease of

egory. Morels produce a rapidly growing, finely

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